Nomenclature


Oral Surgery

Terminology to be used in AVDC documents and Abbreviations to be used in AVDC Case Logs

Topics available:

Gingival and Other Oral Flaps
Oral Grafts
Tooth Extractions
Jaw and TMJ Trauma Surgery
Mass Resection Surgery

Palate, Pharyngeal and Nasal Surgery

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Abbeviations to be used in AVDC Case Logs are shown in (blue brackets)


Tooth Extraction-Related Terminology


Closed extraction (X or XS): Extraction of teeth without flap creation; X is used when closed extraction is performed without tooth sectioning; XS is used when closed extraction is performed with tooth sectioning or removal of interproximal crown tissue

Open extraction (XSS): Extraction of teeth after flap creation and alveolectomy

Alveolectomy (ALV): Removal of some or all of the alveolar bone

Alveoloplasty (ALV): A form of alveolectomy performed to restore physiological contours or achieve smooth contours of the alveolar bone


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Palate, Pharynx and Nasal Surgery


Palate Surgery - Click the link

Naroplasty (NAS/R): Surgical correction of stenotic nares

Tonsillectomy (TON/X): Surgical resection of the palatine tonsil


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Grafts and Related Terminology


Transplantation: Act or process of transferring something from one part or individual to another.

Transplant: Something that is transferred from one part or individual to another.

Graft (GF): Non-living material or living tissue used for implantation or transplantation to replace a diseased part or compensate for a defect.

Gingival graft (GF/G): Gingiva or gingiva-like tissue (e.g., from the hard palate) used to replace gingiva in a gingival defect.

Connective tissue graft (GF/CT): Connective tissue from a keratinized mucosa (e.g., from the hard palate) placed in a gingival defect and which is partially or completely covered with gingiva and/or alveolar mucosa in the recipient bed.

Mucosal graft (GF/M) Mucosa used to take place of a removed piece of mucosa or cover a mucosal defect.

Bone graft (GF/B): A surgical procedure by which bone or a bone substitute is used to take place of a removed piece of bone or bony defect.

Cartilage graft (GF/C): Cartilage used to to take the place of a removed piece of bone or fill a bony defect.

Skin graft (GF/S): Skin used to take place of a removed piece of skin/mucosa or skin/mucosa defect.

Venous graft (GF/V):
A vein used to take place of a removed segment of artery/vein or arterial/venous defect.

Nerve graft (GF/N): A nerve used to take place of a removed segment of nerve or nerve defect.

Fat graft (GF/F): Adipose tissue used to provide volume to a defect or to prevent ingrowth of other tissues into the defect.

Autograft: Tissue transferred from one area to another area of the animal's own body.

Isograft: Tissue transferred between genetically identical animals.

Allograft: Tissue transferred between genetically dissimilar animals of the same species.

Xenograft: Tissue transferred between animals of different species.

Particulate graft: A graft containing equally or variably-sized particles.

Full-thickness graft: A graft consisting of the full thickness of a tissue.

Partial-thickness (split-thickness) graft: A graft consisting of a portion of the thickness of a tissue.

Mesh graft: A type of partial-thickness graft in which multiple small incisions have been made to increase stretching and flexibility of the graft.

Composite graft: A graft composed of at least two different tissues, e.g., skin-muscle-and-bone graft.

Implant (IMP): Something inserted into or applied onto living tissue.

Implantation:The act or process of inserting something into or applying something onto living tissue.

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