AVDC Nomenclature

Direct link to the Contents Table for all Nomenclature Items.


Determining and adopting nomenclature is an on-going process. Additional items will be added to this page as they are approved by the Nomenclature Committee and AVDC and Foundation for Veterinary Dentistry Boards. This webpage is not meant to be a veterinary dental text-book. It provides definitions for structures, diseases and treatment procedures relevant to the oral cavity. Its primary purpose to is provide definitive terms for use by AVDC residents and diplomates to permit optimal communication in case logs and articles.

The Nomenclature Committtee includes representatives of the Academy of Veterinary Dentistry and the European Veterinary Dental College.

About the Images Included on this Webpage

Copyright of the images is owned by AVDC. Download of the images and use in printed materials or presentations is permitted without charge provided that the source is cited as Copyright© AVDC®, used with permission. The Board gratefully acknowledges Veterinary Information Network (VIN) for developing and donating the tooth fracture and tooth resorption diagrams. The clinical images are provided by diplomates of AVDC.
To save a high-resolution version of an individual image for use in a presentation or a printed article, right-click on the image, click Save Picture As and follow the on-screen directions.

Recommendations Adopted by the AVDC Board

Last updated March 2016

AVDC has adopted the following items as standard nomenclature for use in College documents. Residents making case log entries or submitting case reports or publications for AVDC credentials review are required to use these terms and the abbreviations.

Abbreviations: AVDC has approved a specific set of Abbreviations to match the definitions provided in this web page. Click Abbreviations List to download the full Abbreviations list file. The Abbreviations List is also available via a link in the Edit Case Log web page screen. Use of these abbreviations by residents in AVDC case logs is mandatory.

Abbeviations to be used in AVDC Case Logs are shown in (blue brackets)

Definitions of Veterinary Dentistry, Equine Dentistry and Beakology.

Veterinary dentistry is a discipline within the scope of veterinary practice that involves the professional consultation, evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, treatment (non-surgical, surgical or related procedures) of conditions, diseases, and disorders of the oral cavity and maxillofacial area and their adjacent and associated structures; it is provided by a licensed veterinarian, within the scope of his/her education, training and experience, in accordance with the ethics of the profession and applicable law.

Equine dentistry is the practice of veterinary dentistry performed in equids (genus Equus: horses, asses and zebras).

Beakology is the branch of science dealing with the anatomy, physiology and pathology (including diagnosis and treatment of such pathology) of the beak and associated tissues of vertebrate animals that have beaks or beak-like structures.

Definitions of Items Applying to More than One Oral Tissue or Disease

Congenital: Of or relating to a disease, condition or characteristic that is present at birth and may be inherited or result from an insult during pregnancy

Acquired: Of or relating to a disease, condition or characteristic that develops after birth and is not inherited

Of or relating to a disease, condition or characteristic that results from the genetic make-up of the individual animal and may be present at birth or develop later in life

Culture/sensitivity (CS): Bacteria cultured in medium and analyzed for sensitivity to antibiotics

Laceration (LAC): A tear or cut in the gingiva/alveolar mucosa (LAC/G), tongue/sublingual mucosa (LAC/T), lip skin/labial mucosa (LAC/L), cheek skin/buccal mucosa (LAC/B), palatal mucosa (LAC/P), or palatine tonsil/oropharyngeal mucosa (LAC/O); debridement and suturing of such lacerations is abbreviated as LAC/R

Chewing lesion (CL): Mucosal lesion resulting from self-induced bite trauma on the cheek (CL/B), lip (CL/L), palate (CL/P) or tongue/sublingual region (CL/T)

Foreign body (FB): An object originating outside the body; removal of the foreign body is abbreviated with FB/R

Burn (TMA/BRN): Injury to skin, mucosa or other body parts due to fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent

Ballistic trauma (TMA/B): Physical trauma sustained from a projectile that was launched through space, most commonly by a weapon such as a gun or a bow

Electric injury (TMA/E): Physical trauma to skin, mucosa or other tissues when coming into direct contact with an electrical current

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Click on the item of interest from the list below

Anatomy of Oral, Dental and Related Structures

Anatomy of Teeth

Numbering Teeth

Generations of Teeth

Surfaces and Directions in the Mouth

Normal Occlusion

Anatomy of Jaws and TMJ

Anatomy of Tongue, Lips, Palate, Pharynx, Nose,
Face, Salivary Gland and Lymph Nodes

Teeth Abnormalities and Related Procedures

Anatomy and Structure of Teeth

Abnormalities Affecting Enamel

Tooth Formation Abnormalities

Tooth Resorption

Fractures of Teeth

Endodontic Terminology

Operative Dentistry and Prosthodontics

Jaw and TMJ Abnormalities

Anatomy of Jaws and TMJ

Jaw Trauma and Management

TMJ Abnormalities and Trauma

Periodontal Anatomy and Disease

Definitions of Stage, Grade and Index

Periodontal Disease Stages

Furcation and Mobility Indices

Periodontal Pathology

Periodontal Treatment

Flap Procedures

Oral Pathology: Inflammatory Diseases, Tumors, Other Abnormalities

Oral and Pharyngeal Inflammation

Oral Auto-immune Diseases

Oral Tumors

Other Oral Pathology

Tongue, Lips, Palate, Pharynx, Nose, Face, Salivary Glands and Lymph Nodes

Anatomy of Tongue, Lips, Cheek and Palate

Abnormalities of the Palate

Anatomy of the Nose, Pharynx, Tonsils and Face

Nasal, Facial and Pharyngeal Abnormalities

Equine specific terminology for Nose and Sinuses

Anatomy of the Salivary Gland Glands

Salivary Gland Abnormalities

Lymph Nodes

Occlusal Abnormalities

Normal Occlusion

Classification of Malocclusion

Management of Malocclusion

Oral Surgery

Gingival and Other Oral Flap Procedures

Grafts used in Oral Surgery

Tooth Extractions

Jaw and TMJ Trauma Management

Mass Resection Surgery

Palate, Pharyngeal and Nasal Surgery

Equine Specific Terminology

Equine Anatomical Structures

Equine Dental Abnormalities

Equine Tooth Extractions

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