Oral Surgery

Terminology to be used in AVDC documents and Abbreviations to be used in AVDC Case Logs

Topics available:

Gingival and Other Oral Flaps
Oral Grafts
Tooth Extractions
Jaw and TMJ Trauma Surgery
Mass Resection Surgery

Palate, Pharyngeal and Nasal Surgery

Return to Nomenclature Introduction

Abbeviations to be used in AVDC Case Logs are shown in (blue brackets)

Tooth Extraction-Related Terminology

Closed extraction (X or XS): Extraction of teeth without flap creation; X is used when closed extraction is performed without tooth sectioning; XS is used when closed extraction is performed with tooth sectioning or removal of interproximal crown tissue

Open extraction (XSS): Extraction of teeth after flap creation and alveolectomy

Alveolectomy (ALV): Removal of some or all of the alveolar bone

Alveoloplasty (ALV): A form of alveolectomy performed to restore physiological contours or achieve smooth contours of the alveolar bone

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Palate, Pharynx and Nasal Surgery

Palate Surgery - Click the link

Naroplasty (NAS/R): Surgical correction of stenotic nares

Tonsillectomy (TON/X): Surgical resection of the palatine tonsil

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Grafts and Related Terminology

Transplantation: Act or process of transferring something from one part or individual to another.

Transplant: Something that is transferred from one part or individual to another.

Graft (GF): Non-living material or living tissue used for implantation or transplantation to replace a diseased part or compensate for a defect.

Gingival graft (GF/G): Gingiva or gingiva-like tissue (e.g., from the hard palate) used to replace gingiva in a gingival defect.

Connective tissue graft (GF/CT): Connective tissue from a keratinized mucosa (e.g., from the hard palate) placed in a gingival defect and which is partially or completely covered with gingiva and/or alveolar mucosa in the recipient bed.

Mucosal graft (GF/M) Mucosa used to take place of a removed piece of mucosa or cover a mucosal defect.

Bone graft (GF/B): A surgical procedure by which bone or a bone substitute is used to take place of a removed piece of bone or bony defect.

Cartilage graft (GF/C): Cartilage used to to take the place of a removed piece of bone or fill a bony defect.

Skin graft (GF/S): Skin used to take place of a removed piece of skin/mucosa or skin/mucosa defect.

Venous graft (GF/V):
A vein used to take place of a removed segment of artery/vein or arterial/venous defect.

Nerve graft (GF/N): A nerve used to take place of a removed segment of nerve or nerve defect.

Fat graft (GF/F): Adipose tissue used to provide volume to a defect or to prevent ingrowth of other tissues into the defect.

Autograft: Tissue transferred from one area to another area of the animal's own body.

Isograft: Tissue transferred between genetically identical animals.

Allograft: Tissue transferred between genetically dissimilar animals of the same species.

Xenograft: Tissue transferred between animals of different species.

Particulate graft: A graft containing equally or variably-sized particles.

Full-thickness graft: A graft consisting of the full thickness of a tissue.

Partial-thickness (split-thickness) graft: A graft consisting of a portion of the thickness of a tissue.

Mesh graft: A type of partial-thickness graft in which multiple small incisions have been made to increase stretching and flexibility of the graft.

Composite graft: A graft composed of at least two different tissues, e.g., skin-muscle-and-bone graft.

Implant (IMP): Something inserted into or applied onto living tissue.

Implantation:The act or process of inserting something into or applying something onto living tissue.

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